Ralph Larmann

Art Department

University of Evansville


Below is a good introductory painting palette. It is not necessary to buy all pigments because most color can be mixed from this selection. There is also included several color selections varying from transparent to opaque. Transparent color will allow for glazes in a painting, where an opaque pigment will not.

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cobalt blueCobalt Blue- is a bright clear pigment; semi-transparent; has green undertone compared to ultramarine blue.
ultramarine blueUltramarine Blue- originally made from a stone called lapis lazuli; semi-transparent; works poorly in oil.
phthalo bluePhthalocyanine Blue- copper phthalocyanine; transparent; strong tinting power.
phthalocynine greenPhthalocyanine Green- chlorinated copper phthalocyanine; transparent; strong tinting power.
cadmium yellowCadmium Yellow- intense clean strong color; opaque.
hansa yellowHansa Yellow bright pale yellow; transparent.
alizarin crimsonAlizarin Crimson- organic pigment with bluish undertone; transparent; this pigment absorbs much oil and dries slowly.
cadmium redCadmium Red- intense clean strong color; opaque.
burnt siennaBurnt Sienna- brilliant clear reddish brown; transparent; absorbs much oil-slow drier.
raw umberRaw Umber- greenish dark brown; opaque.
titanium whiteTitanium White- dense white; opaque; excellent hiding power.
zinc whiteZinc White- zinc oxide; semi-opaque.
mars blackMars Black- black oxide of iron; opaque; dense cool black.
ivory blackIvory Black- impure carbon, also bone black; opaque; warm black that is a slow drier in oil; do not use for fresco.

Hint: To create a good transparent black, combine equal parts of alizarin crimson and phthalocyanine green. This results in a beautiful rich black that can be manipulated in terms of its reddish or greenish qualities.

updated 07/14/04

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