Below is a good introductory painting palette. It is not necessary to buy all pigments because most color can be mixed from this selection. There is also included several color selections varying from transparent to opaque. Transparent color will allow for glazes in a painting, where an opaque pigment will not.
|Cobalt Blue- is a bright clear pigment; semi-transparent; has green undertone compared to ultramarine blue.
|Ultramarine Blue- originally made from a stone called lapis lazuli; semi-transparent; works poorly in oil.|
|Phthalocyanine Blue- copper phthalocyanine; transparent; strong tinting power.|
|Phthalocyanine Green- chlorinated copper phthalocyanine; transparent; strong tinting power.|
|Cadmium Yellow- intense clean strong color; opaque.|
|Hansa Yellow bright pale yellow; transparent.|
|Alizarin Crimson- organic pigment with bluish undertone; transparent; this pigment absorbs much oil and dries slowly.|
|Cadmium Red- intense clean strong color; opaque.|
|Burnt Sienna- brilliant clear reddish brown; transparent; absorbs much oil-slow drier.|
|Raw Umber- greenish dark brown; opaque.|
|Titanium White- dense white; opaque; excellent hiding power.|
|Zinc White- zinc oxide; semi-opaque.|
|Mars Black- black oxide of iron; opaque; dense cool black.|
|Ivory Black- impure carbon, also bone black; opaque; warm black that is a slow drier in oil; do not use for fresco.|
Hint: To create a good transparent black, combine equal parts of alizarin crimson and phthalocyanine green. This results in a beautiful rich black that can be manipulated in terms of its reddish or greenish qualities.